The Law Is HB 13-1236 “Best Practices in Bond Setting”
The new Colorado law is a complete change in approach to the setting of bond in the courts of our state.
The law creates new presumptions and revising the criteria and methods for the setting of bail.
In a nutshell – trial judges – through – pre-trial release programs are now compelled to view the purposes of bond well beyond the characteristic and mechanical one from column A use of bond schedules – to not set unreasonably oppressive bonds and:
To Presume most persons in custody are eligible for release on bond with appropriate and least restrictive conditions.
To Consider individualized risk and circumstances of person in custody and relevant criteria and not just level of offense.
To Consider ALL methods of bond and conditions of release to avoid unnecessary incarceration.
The best method to analyze the changes to the new law – is to read the sections struck from the bill and study the sections added – by following this link:
One Example Of The New Law
As summarized in the law itself:
“The bill repeals and reenacts the provisions of the criminal procedure code related to bail bonds. The new provision places a greater emphasis on evidence-based and individualized decision making during the bond-setting process and discourages use of monetary conditions for bond. The bill makes conforming amendments.”
Essentially this means the trial judge must look to objective criteria in setting bond -not the alleged anguish of the victim or the emotional pleas of the prosecutor.
The impact of the new law should greatly reduce the number of individuals in custody awaiting trial and incarcerated only because of the existing archaic pre-trial incarceration and present the bail setting process. Holding people – making them plea – just because they are poor is a violation of due process.
Here is the example of new language in the law…
Here is another:
The message is clear – Colorado criminal defense lawyers should now use this new law to strongly advocate for pre-trial release and not long term incarceration awaiting trial.. H