A New Law Signed by the Colorado Governor in June of this year — mandates certain conditions of bond be expanded to cover a number of new crimes. Previously, these conditions of bond were applied primarily in Colorado Domestic Violation Cases — the New Law expands the use of these conditions to the crimes listed below.. It is worth noting the importance of this new law as greatly increasing the costs of and difficulty in complying with a pending – UNPROVEN – Colorado criminal case.
Here is a Summary of the new Law / Legislation
The bill expands to all crimes subject to the Victims’ Rights Act the courts’ discretion to add the following restrictions, currently only available in domestic violence cases, to mandatory protection orders issued to defendants at the time of arraignment or first court appearance:
• to stay away from the victim’s home and other locations where the victim may be found;
• to not have contact or direct or indirect communication with the victim;
• to not possess or control firearms or other weapons;
• to not possess or consume alcohol or controlled substances; and • other orders deemed appropriate to protect the victim’s safety.
Under current law, a mandatory protection order is issued by the court in a criminal proceeding. The order restrains a person from harassing, molesting, intimidating, retaliating against, or tampering with the defendant or any witness to the acts charged. The order stays in effect until the defendant is acquitted or until the defendant is convicted and completes his or her sentence.
Under existing law, a court may issue a protective order in domestic violence cases that restrict the defendant from being present at particular locations or contacting the victim. House Bill 11-1267 expands this to sexual assaults and other crimes that are subject to the Victims’ Rights Act.
Crimes Covered by the Colorado Victims’ Rights Act
Murder in the 1st and 2nddegree Sexual assault by one in a position of trust Careless driving Manslaughter
Sexual assault on a client by a psychotherapist
Stalking Criminally negligent homicide
Failure to stop at the scene of an accident Vehicular homicide
Aggravated robbery Any criminal attempt, any conspiracy, any criminal solicitation, and any accessory to crime Assault in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree Aggravated robbery of controlled substances Retaliation against a witness or victim Vehicular assault
Intimidation of a witness or victim Menacing
Aggravated intimidation of a witness or victim Kidnaping in the 1st and 2nd degree
Child abuse Tampering with a witness or victim Sexual assault
Sexual exploitation of children
Indecent exposure Sexual assault in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree Crimes against at-risk adults or at-risk juveniles Violation of a protection order against a person charged with certain sex crimes (4 classes)
Unlawful sexual contact Domestic violence (3 classes)
Sexual assault on a child
A violation of a mandatory protection order of the type covered by the bill is a class 1 misdemeanor, the fine for which ranges from $500 to $5,000.
Although the court already exercises broad authority when ordering defendants to refrain from certain activities, expanding the restrictions that can be added to include all victims’ rights crimes will increase the number of mandatory protective orders issued.
18-1-1001. Protection order against defendant.
(The changes TO THE SECTION – 3 -are CAPITALIZED)
(3) Nothing in this section shall preclude the defendant from applying to the court at any time for modification or dismissal of the protection order issued pursuant to this section or the district attorney from applying to the court at any time for further orders, additional provisions under the protection order, or modification or dismissal of the same.
The trial court shall retain jurisdiction to enforce, modify, or dismiss the protection order until final disposition of the action. Upon motion of the district attorney or on the court’s OWN motion to protect FOR THE PROTECTION OF the alleged victim OR WITNESS, the court may, in cases involving domestic violence as defined in section 18-6-800.3 (1) AND CASES INVOLVING CRIMES LISTED IN SECTION 24-4.1-302, C.R.S., EXCEPT THOSE LISTED IN PARAGRAPHS (cc.5) AND (cc.6) OF SUBSECTION (1) OF THAT SECTION, enter any of the following further orders against the defendant:
(a) An order to vacate or stay away from the home of the ALLEGED victim OR WITNESS and to stay away from any other location where the victim OR WITNESS is likely to be found;
(b) An order to refrain from contact or direct or indirect communication with the ALLEGED victim OR WITNESS;
(e) Any other order the court deems appropriate to protect the safety of the alleged victim OR WITNESS